Issue Briefs and Reports

“The school-to-prison pipeline doesn’t just begin with cops in the hallways and zero tolerance discipline policies. It begins when we fail to create a curriculum and a pedagogy that connects with students, that takes them seriously as intellectuals, that lets students know we care about them, that gives them the chance to channel their pain and defiance in productive ways. Making sure that we opt out of the classroom-to-prison pipeline will look and feel different in every subject and with every group of students. But the classroom will share certain features: It will take the time to build relationships, and it will say, “You matter. Your culture matters. You belong here.”

Linda Christensen, The Classroom to Prison Pipeline

Wake County

Zero Tolerance for the School-to-Prison Pipeline in Wake County: Magnitude of the Crisis

October 2011: Declining School Suspension in Wake County Context & Questions

March 2011: Suspensions and Expulsions in Wake County Public Schools

July 2010: Research-Based Recommendations for Improving School Discipline in Wake County Public Schools

March 2010: The Racial Achievement Gap in the Wake County Public School System


North Carolina

Taking Back our Classrooms: The United Struggle of North Carolina Teachers, Students, and Parents Against High-Stakes Testing

NC Department of Public Instruction: Positive Behavior Intervention & Support



American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force Report

Advancement Project: Alternatives to Suspension, Expulsion, and School-Based Arrest

Student and Teacher Safety in Chicago Public Schools: The Roles of Community Context and School Social Organization

Ending the Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track

Duke Center for Child and Family Policy: Alternatives to Suspension

Invisible Students: The Role of Alternative and Adult Education in Connecticut’s School-to-Prison Pipeline